From the last time I posted, we have learnt many things about the wind power industry. Here is a short summary of what we studied on this Master:
- Principles of wind turbines: Components of wind turbines and the differences between synchronous and asynchronous generators must be known to understood the basic principles.
- Climatology and Boundary Layer Theory: Kinetic energy from wind moves the blades, and thus electrical energy can be produced.
- Aerodynamics: The shape and chord of blades are optimized by using formulas. Lectures provided by some accademics of Risoe and Uppsala universities were useful to understand these phisical principles.
- Measurements Methods: Linear, non linear, CFD (Computational Fluids Dynamics) are useful to predict the wind resources at a determinated place by using MCP (measurement correlate and predict) techniques. Hence, software such as WindPro or WinSim are useful tools.
- Wind Power potentials: Places located in cold climates or offshore wind farms have high potential in future but there are some considerations they must be valorated.
- Grid Network: Before starting a new wind power project four words must be considered: Wind, wind, wind and infrastructure/grid network. Hence, it is important to know the point of common coupling (PCC) to connect the wind farm to the grid network.
- Logistic: The other leg of the four words is obvious; roads, docks, and so on.
- Public acepttance and environmental impact: Visual impact, flicker shadows, noises, consequences to the wildlife are other important aspects.
- Policy and Legal Planning: Incentives and subsidiaries from administrations, legal frameworks… These frameworks can explain why some countries as Germany has such installed wind power capacity.